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In the ancient science of language ( “grammar”) studied only the native language on the scientist, but not other people’s languages; studied languages ??and prestigious intellectual culture, and living spoken language in the individuals (and even far more illiterate illiterate nations) remained outside the sphere of interest of scientists. Till the 19th century. the science of language has been prescriptive (normative), trying not to describe the living language, spoken and given the guidelines by which “should” speak (and write). Linguistics incorporates observation; registration plus a description on the information of speech; hypotheses to explain these information; formulation of hypotheses in the kind of theories and models that describe the language; their experimental verification and refutation; prediction of verbal behavior.